Scientists began experimenting with organ transplants in the 18th century. There were many failures over the years. By the 1900s, scientists began to see success.
Today, transplants are routine medical treatments. We are able to transplant many organs, including:
- Arms, faces and reproductive organs
Medical breakthroughs such as tissue typing and drugs to combat organ rejection allow for more organ transplants and a longer survival rate for recipients. The most notable breakthrough in this area was Jean Borel's discovery of Cyclosporine in the mid-1970s. The FDA approved Cyclosporine for commercial use in November 1983.
The need for organ transplants continues to exceed the supply of organs. But as medical technology improves and more donors become available, the number of people who live longer and healthier lives continues to increase each year.
First successful kidney transplant*1954
First successful kidney-pancreas transplant1966
First successful liver transplant*1967
First isolated pancreas transplant1968
First successful heart transplant1968
First successful heart-lung transplant1981
First successful single lung transplant*1983
First successful double lung transplant*1986
First successful living donor liver transplant1989
First successful living donor lung transplant1990
* Transplant was the first of its kind in the world.