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Intestine

image of the intestines

The transverse colon extends across the abdomen from right to left. The descending colon is the middle part of the colon located on the left side of the abdomen. The large intestine goes from the cecum to the rectum. Measuring about twenty feet, the small intestine is where most digestion occurs. It also includes the duodenum, jejunum and ileum. The appendix is a tubular organ connected to the large intestine. The rectum is the lower end of the large intestine, which leads to the anus.

Functions of the Intestine

The intestine is the lower part of the alimentary canal. It extends from the stomach to the anus. The upper part, the small intestine, is narrow and convoluted. It provides further digestion of food and absorbs nutrients from the digested food. The lower part, the large intestine, is wider and reabsorbs water from the digested foods and sends it back into the blood stream.

Intestine Transplant Procedures

An intestine transplant may involve the whole intestine or an intestine segment. Most of the intestine transplants are whole organ transplants and are performed in conjunction with a liver transplant. Intestine transplants usually involve a cadaveric donor though it is possible for a living donor to donate an intestine segment.

Reasons for Intestine Transplants

Intestine Diagnosis
Short Gut Syndrome: Intestinal Atresia
Short Gut Syndrome: Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Short Gut Syndrome: Intestinal Volvulus Secondary to Malrotation
Short Gut Syndrome: Intestinal Volvulus Secondary to Adhesions
Short Gut Syndrome: Intestinal Volvulus Secondary to Persistent Omphalomesenteric Duct
Short Gut Syndrome: Gastroschisis
Short Gut Syndrome: Massive Resection Secondary to Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Crohn's Disease)
Short Gut Syndrome: Massive Resection Secondary to Tumor
Short Gut Syndrome: Massive Resection Secondary to Mesenteric Arterial Thrombosis or Embolus
Short Gut Syndrome: Massive Resection Secondary to Mesenteric Venous Thrombosis
Short Gut Syndrome: Specify
Short Gut Syndrome: Unspecified
Functional Bowel Problem: Hirschsprung's Disease
Functional Bowel Problem: Neuronal Intestinal Dysplasia
Functional Bowel Problem: Pseudo-obstruction, Neuropathic
Functional Bowel Problem: Pseudo-obstruction, Myopathic
Functional Bowel Problem: Protein-losing Enteropathy
Functional Bowel Problem: Microvillous Inclusion Disease
Functional Bowel Problem: Specify
Functional Bowel Problem: Unspecified
Graft Failure
Retransplant
Other Intestinal Disease

 

Organ Procurement & Transplantation Network

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